The assignment of a right or obligation is a customary contractual event under the law and the right to assign (or prohibit assignments) is found in most agreements, leases, and business structure documents established in the United States. Under Paragraph 407, the BGB deals with legal acts concerning the previous debtor. Paragraph (1) provides that the new debtor must assert against the new debtor the performance of the debtor to the previous debtor after the assignment, as well as a transaction entered into after the assignment between the debtor and the previous debtor in respect of the receivable, unless the debtor has knowledge of the assignment at the time of performance or enforcement of the transaction. It effectively exempts a debtor from all claims that may be claimed by the new debtor. It follows that in the case of a consequential assignment, the debtor who pays a subsequent assignee is exempt from liability if it did not know the priority assignee.  See section 9.1.3 of the PILC, which provides that entitlement to a non-monetary benefit can only be assigned if the assignment does not make the obligation much onerous. Although the transfer of contractual rights is common in day-to-day transactions, it is more evident for transactions such as mergers and acquisitions, whether it is a domestic or international transaction.  In addition, assignment is also of crucial importance for “receivables financing” transactions, such as transactions that constitute the assigned debt as money originally owed to the assignor , as well as for factoring transactions.  An agreement of performance or a declaration of confidence are also cheap assignments if they are not enforceable as assignments by a court but are enforceable by a court of equity which, depending on the circumstances of the case, exercises reasonable discretion. Since California combines courts and tribunals, the same court would hear arguments as to whether an appropriate assignment has taken place.
Such facilitation is often granted in order to avoid fraud or unjustified enrichment. Companies sometimes require employees to give up all the intellectual property they create during the company`s employment. This is usually done within an employment contract, but sometimes through a specific agreement called the “Information and Invention Protocol” (PIIA).  See Article 9.1.2 of the PILC, which excludes its application to transactions under specific rules relating to the transfer of instruments such as negotiable instruments, ownership documents or financial instruments or rights in the context of the transfer of an entity. It should be noted that in the case of the merger of companies. Applicable law often provides mechanisms that lead to all rights and obligations being fully transferred under the law, under certain conditions. However, the article may continue to apply when certain rights in the transferred transaction are transferred individually, for example. B the transfer of equity or transferable securities. It is important to obtain the relevant legislation of the applicable State before designing or attempting to enforce assignment rights in that particular area.
Unless otherwise agreed, all rights of the seller or buyer may be assigned, unless the assignment materially alters the obligation of the other party, significantly increases the burden or risk imposed on it by its contract or significantly affects its chance of performance. A right to compensation for breach of the entire contract or a right arising from the performance of its entire commitment by the assignor may be assigned despite other agreements [sic]. Under English law, the effect on the original contract may be that of discharge, but unless otherwise provided, any novation constitutes an exemption between the original contracting parties.  Under U.S. law, it has been decided that the question of whether an agreement is a novation is a matter of intent and that the essential element of a novation is the dismissal of one of the parties and the acceptance by the other party of a new actor to replace the original party.  The allocation of future own funds cannot be free of charge. . . .