Buyer leases a site for Facility to Seller under a separate lease agreement Electricity producers enter into PPAs either bilaterally with a consumer company (“Corporate PPA”) or with an electricity distributor who purchases the electricity generated (“Merchant PPA”). The electricity distributor can continue to supply electricity to an electricity consumer (transform it again into a “corporate PPA”) or to negotiate electricity on an electricity exchange. Many international groups are already buying shares in their electricity consumption via AAAs or have announced their intention to do so more frequently (see there100.org/re100). They use AAEs to obtain stable and predictable electricity prices. AAEs are an effective way to reduce the risk of electricity prices, particularly for operators of high-investment and low-cost facilities (such as photovoltaic and wind power plants). Since electricity payments are already insured to some extent, facility managers and financial banks may be more confident that revenues from the sale of electricity will effectively cover investment costs. This makes the project more cost-effective in the long run. Definition: As part of the overhaul of the Renewable Energy Directive (EE), the EU has also looked at PPPs. Article 2, point 17, of the SURE Directive contains a legal definition. It is said that a “renewable electricity purchase contract” (“renewable energy sales contract”) is a “contract in which a natural or legal person agrees to settle directly from an electricity producer.” Depending on the regulation and market environment, different situations may occur, in which AAEs are a favourable form of financing or a stabilizing factor in long-term delivery. Synthetic AAEs decouple the physical flow of electricity from the financial flow. This will further increase the flexibility of contractual agreements. With respect to synthetic chaining contracts (also known as sPPAs), producers and consumers agree on a price per kilowatt-hour of electricity, as does a physical AAE.
However, electricity is not delivered directly to the consumer from the power generation facility. Instead, the producer`s energy service provider (for example. B an electricity distributor) takes the electricity generated in its clearing group and acts (in the short-term electricity markets, to cite an example). The consumer`s energy supplier (for example. B, a municipal plant) obtains exactly the power profile that the manufacturer makes available to its energy service provider on behalf of the PPA consumer partner, the purchase being made on a platform such as the spot market. In the synthetic AAE, this flow of electricity is now supplemented by what is called a differential contract. In this contract, the AAEs parties aim to compensate for the difference between the agreed price of AAEs and the actual spot market price. This means that each counterparty in the AEA has two cash flows: one with the energy service provider concerned and the other with the AAE contractor. In any event, the payments add up to the price of the AAEs set at the beginning and offer both parties the desired price guarantee.
Without direct physical delivery between the contracting parties (such as an AAE on site) and without a direct link between them (such as an off-site AAE), this is a simple and administratively economical AAE. It is well suited to cases where a producer does not create or does not wish to create its own balance sheet group, to cite an example. It remains to be seen whether the rules of the EEG 2021 project will stimulate or hinder the AAE market. The Federal Wind Energy Association (BWE) sees no reason to be concerned in the current discussion on EEG modification. According to Wolfram Axthelm, Managing Director of BWE, the EEG transitional rules are not an obstacle to power purchase contracts.